The plan was devised to help Germany to avoid a war on two fronts against Russia and France. Graf Von Schlieffen thought that Russia would be extremely slow to mobilise and that would give Germany time approximately one and a half to two weeks to attack France and hopefully capture Paris.
It was thought that by the time they had captured France the Germans could leave a small token force in France and then go over to fight the Russians in the east.
They believed that the whole capture of France would take only six weeks. This piece of paper was the Treaty of London. The intended movement of the German forces in the Schlieffen Plan was to sweep through Belgium and capture it.
Belgium was chosen for a number of reasons; because of its relatively flat land, and the fact that it had only one soldier for every ten German soldiers. A key factor of the plan was that neither France nor Belgium were expecting the attack through Belgium, also the Germans would be able to bypass the most prominent French fortress towns.
Then they could turn their attention to France and go south towards Paris. Once they were north of Paris they were going to form a pincer movement to encircle Paris and hope that the French surrendered. Why did a stalemate develop on the Western Front? The stalemate developed on the Western Front at the end of There were a number of reasons for this and they fall under four main categories; 1.
The failure of the Schlieffen Plan: When the Germans realised that they were not going to go anywhere they retreated to the high ground and then dug themselves in to defend the land that they had already captured. One of the things that caused the Germans to do this was that the British and the Belgians had held the Germans up at places like Liege and Mons.
The main factor in this category was the French defence of Paris and subsequently the race to the sea. When the French and the Germans continuously tried to outflank their opponents they were met by opposing troops defending the land and this caused them both to dig trenches and try and defend the line.
This continued until they ran out of room and stopped at the sea. This now meant that there was a huge line of trenches from the English Channel to Paris and beyond. Once this was established breakthroughs were almost impossible to make. Introduction of new technology, weapons and tactics: When the Germans had chosen the ground and dug their trenches they would set up their machine guns so that every time opposing troops came charging over the top they would be mowed down by the German machine gun fire.
Other weapons introduced during the First World War were either new or vastly improved ones. Two prime examples of this are the rifle and the artillery gun.
The rifle had come on in leaps and bounds since the Boer War the last war before Now if a soldier fired his rifle there was no cloud of smoke to give away his position and he could fire it a lot further with a great deal more accuracy. The artillery gun proved extremely useful in the war, as it was used to great effect by bombarding the enemy trenches.
This meant that soldiers were pinned down in the trenches making it extremely hard to attack. These weapons contributed towards the stalemate by making it extremely hard for the enemy to attack the defending side. Both sides had casualties in their millions by the end of The highly trained and well-equipped B.
F, which was originally dispatched at the start of the war, was now nearly depleted. At the end of the battle of the Marne there were over two million dead soldiers and many different armies from both sides were beginning to feel these huge losses as they were a great deal smaller.
Germany were around one million men less because they had to transfer some of them to the Eastern Front where Russia were attacking.
The home front was now starting to feel the strain of keeping up with the ammunition and weapons that were being used by the soldiers at the front.The Schlieffen plan was greatly needed by Germany if they were to have any chance of winning a war. Theoretically, the Schlieffen Plan was a mastermind.
Go through neutral Belgium and Luxembourg to avoid the heavily fortified French borders. The Schlieffen plan was originally designed by Alfred Von Schlieffen (hence the name of the plan) in December , who was German army chief of staff at the time - Explain How the Schlieffen Plan Was Meant to Work Essay introduction.
The main purpose of the Schlieffen plan was to avoid a war on two fonts for Germany. Explain how the Schlieffen plan was meant to work: GCSE Coursework.
German behalf, as for it to work several assumptions would have to remain correct. It was predicted that Belgium would not resist against a German invasion, and British intervention was completely unaccounted for/5(1).
The Schlieffen Plan was created by General Count Alfred von Schlieffen in December The Schlieffen Plan was the operational plan for a designated attack on France once Russia, in response to international tension, had started to mobilise her forces near the German border.
How the Schlieffen Plan was meant to work - Assignment Example On In Assignment Sample Germany had been preparing for war since because they assumed that France and Russia would attack them; therefore they draw up the Schlieffen Plan so they would avoid fighting a war on two fronts.
The Schlieffen plan was named after chief of the general staff Count Alfred von Schlieffen. His first plan was based on the possibility that Russia alone would be involved. In this case, he planned to send the German army across the north-east border on a direct route to Russia's capital, St Petersburg/5(1).